August 15, 2022

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A diver fastidiously inspects a medieval headstone discovered within the stays of a 13th century...
First pictures of England’s oldest shipwreck that sank 750 years ago
A diver fastidiously inspects a medieval headstone discovered within the stays of a 13th century shipwreck (Image: Bournemouth College)

Laden with gothic gravestones and cauldrons for cooking soups, these footage present divers inspecting England’s oldest shipwreck after it sank off the coast of Dorset 750 years in the past.

The 13th century vessel, dubbed the ‘Mortar wreck’ by archaeologists, was found in Poole Bay in 2020 by native diver Trevor Small.

Tree-ring courting of the ship’s timbers revealed it was constructed from Irish oak timber felled between 1242 and 1265, throughout the reign of King Henry III.

There are older wrecks in British waters, which date again to the Bronze Age, earlier than the dominion of England was shaped, however they solely comprise the stays of the cargo and no hull construction.

Getting its title from the mortar bowls discovered within the hull, the vessel was designated a protected wreck by the Authorities this week.

Two pristine pre-carved gravestones created from Purbeck stone had been additionally discovered within the ship, each that includes a special gothic design.

One depicts a wheel headed cross and the opposite has a splayed arm cross – each widespread 13th century kinds.

Native diver Trevor Small found the ‘Mortar wreck’ on the backside of Poole Bay (Image: Bournemouth College)
Mortars were also discovered, which will now be exhibited at Poole Museum
The shipwreck was laden with mortar bowls, used to grind down grain (Image: Bournemouth College)

These kind of gravestones had been a mark of excessive standing and are present in churchyards throughout the south coast.

Additionally among the many artefacts was a big cauldron for cooking soup, and a smaller cauldron for heating water.

Mr Small, who has been diving in Dorset’s waters for 30 years, mentioned: ‘I used to be born right into a seafaring household. I’ve skippered hundreds of sea miles on the lookout for shipwrecks from my dwelling port of Poole.

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‘In summer season 2020, I found what I believed to be an undetected wreck website. Current storms had revealed one thing unknown on the seabed. I used to be granted permission to dive the wreck.

‘The remainder is historical past. I’ve discovered one of many oldest shipwrecks in England.’

It’s not identified the place the vessel was headed or the way it sunk, however Historic England and a group of archaeologists from Bournemouth College proceed to research.

Two different wrecks from the 16th and 17th century, discovered close to the Isle of Wight, had been additionally given protected standing this week.

Surviving wrecks courting pre-1700 is extraordinarily uncommon, as is discovering beforehand unrecorded wrecks within the Solent, which is a busy transport route.

A cannon bearing the date 1628 is discovered on the Isle of Wight shipwreck (Image: Wessex Archaeology/PA)

It’s believed that each of those vessels grew to become stranded on the Shingles Financial institution in Needles Channel – a well known hazard – earlier than sinking.

A number of cannons, a big anchor, and greater than 50 very massive lead ingots and stone cannonballs had been present in one of many wrecks.

The method used to forged the ingots fell out of use round 1580, whereas stone cannon balls had been changed with iron shot by the tip of the 16th century.

This implies the vessel dates from the 16th or very late 15th century.

The wrecks’ new protected standing imply divers want a particular licence earlier than going close to them in a bid to protect their buildings and artefacts inside them.

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Historic shipwrecks revealed this yr

Ernest Shackleton’s ship Endurance

Ernest Shackleton?s ship Endurance discovered in Antarctica after 107 years
Endurance’s title continues to be seen a century later (Image: Falklands Maritime Heritage Belief)

The wreck of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s ship Endurance was found off the coast of Antarctica after greater than 100 years.

Astonishing footage reveals the well-known explorer’s long-lost vessel, which was crushed by ice and sank within the Weddell Sea in 1915.

It was discovered at a depth of three,008 metres and roughly 4 miles south of the place initially recorded by the ship’s Captain Frank Worsley.

Amazingly, Endurance seems to be largely intact after a century underwater. The title is even nonetheless arced throughout the strict, instantly under the taffrail.

Undated handout photo issued by Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust of the standard bow on the wreck of Endurance, Sir Ernest Shackleton's ship which has not been seen since it was crushed by the ice and sank in the Weddell Sea in 1915. One hundred years after Shackleton's death, Endurance was found at a depth of 3008 metres in the Weddell Sea, within the search area defined by the expedition team before its departure from Cape Town, and approximately four miles south of the position originally recorded by Captain Worsley. Issue date: Wednesday March 9, 2022. PA Photo. See PA story HERITAGE Shackleton . Photo credit should read: Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust/National Geographic/PA Wire OTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
Endurance was crushed by ice and sank within the Weddell Sea in 1915 (Image: PA)
Undated handout photo issued by Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust of photos, video and laser pictures of Endurance displayed in the control room on board of S.A.Agulhas II during the expedition to find the wreck of Endurance, Sir Ernest Shackleton's ship which has not been seen since it was crushed by the ice and sank in the Weddell Sea in 1915. One hundred years after Shackleton's death, Endurance was found at a depth of 3008 metres in the Weddell Sea, within the search area defined by the expedition team before its departure from Cape Town, and approximately four miles south of the position originally recorded by Captain Worsley. Issue date: Wednesday March 9, 2022. PA Photo. See PA story HERITAGE Shackleton . Photo credit should read: Esther Horvath/Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust/PA Wire OTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
Laser footage present Endurance throughout the expedition to seek out the wreck (Image: PA)

Duke of York shipwreck

EMBARGOED TO 0001 FRIDAY JUNE 10Undated handout photo issued by Norfolk Historic Shipwrecks of brothers Julian and Lincoln Barnwell measuring a cannon that was found with the wreck. The wreck of a royal warship which sank in 1682 while carrying the future King of England James Stuart has been discovered off the coast of Norfolk. Issue date: Friday June 10, 2022. PA Photo. The wreck of the HMS Gloucester has been found by brothers Julian and Lincoln Barnwell, together with others, following a four-year search over 5,000 nautical miles. See PA story HERITAGE Wreck. Photo credit should read Norfolk Historic Shipwrecks/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
Divers measure a cannon among the many stays of HMS Gloucester (Image: PA)

The royal warship sank off the coast of Norfolk whereas carrying a future king of England following a daft spat greater than 300 years in the past.

The HMS Gloucester was discovered stacked with numerous artefacts, together with wine, garments, footwear, navigational and different skilled naval tools, private possessions, and extra.

The discover – thought of one of the vital necessary in current maritime historical past – might solely be confirmed this yr, regardless of occurring 15 years in the past.

EMBARGOED TO 0001 FRIDAY JUNE 10 Undated handout photo issued by the University of East Anglia (UEA) of brothers Julian and Lincoln Barnwellwith with a bell from the wreck of the HMS Gloucester, that they located off the Norfolk coast. The wreck of a royal warship which sank in 1682 while carrying the future King of England James Stuart has been discovered off the coast of Norfolk. Issue date: Friday June 10, 2022. PA Photo.The wreck of the HMS Gloucester has been found by brothers Julian and Lincoln Barnwell, together with others, following a four-year search over 5,000 nautical miles. See PA story HERITAGE Wreck. Photo credit should read: UEA/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
Brothers Julian and Lincoln Barnwell discovered the wreck in 2007 however needed to wait 15 years earlier than it was made public (Image: PA)
EMBARGOED TO 0001 FRIDAY JUNE 10 Undated handout photo issued by the University of East Anglia (UEA) of brothers Julian and Lincoln Barnwell with some of the artefacts from the HMS Gloucester. The wreck of a royal warship which sank in 1682 while carrying the future King of England James Stuart has been discovered off the coast of Norfolk. Issue date: Friday June 10, 2022. PA Photo. The wreck of the HMS Gloucester has been found by brothers Julian and Lincoln Barnwell, together with others, following a four-year search over 5,000 nautical miles. See PA story HERITAGE Wreck. Photo credit should read: UEA/PA Wire NOTE TO EDITORS: This handout photo may only be used in for editorial reporting purposes for the contemporaneous illustration of events, things or the people in the image or facts mentioned in the caption. Reuse of the picture may require further permission from the copyright holder.
Brothers Julian and Lincoln with a number of the artefacts from the wreck (Image: PA)

San Jose Galleon

Screen grab of a video released by the Colombian Presidency on June 6 2022, showing images of the wrecked Spanish galleon San Jose, off the coast of Cartagena, in the Caribbean Sea, Colombia. - The Colombian army has revealed unprecedented images of the wreck of the legendary San Jose galleon, one of the largest of the Spanish Navy, sunk three centuries ago with its exceptional treasure off the Caribbean coast. (Photo by Colombian Presidency / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE-MANDATORY CREDIT - AFP PHOTO / COLOMBIAN PRESIDENCY - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS (Photo by -/Colombian Presidency/AFP via Getty Images)
The wrecked San Jose galleon was filled with treasure destined for Spain when it was sunk by the British in 1708 (Image: AFP)

The treasures of the legendary San Jose Galleon shipwreck was revealed in astonishing underwater footage.

Gold items, cannons and completely preserved Chinese language porcelain cups are nonetheless scattered over the ‘holy grail’ wreck, greater than 300 years after it sank within the Caribbean Sea.

The eerie blue and inexperienced photos present a glimpse into the Spanish ship’s hoard of treasure, which was first found in 2015 and is price an estimated £12.6 billion.

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They had been taken by the Colombian navy who found two different historic shipwrecks close by after sending a remotely operated automobile to a depth of three,100 ft.

Screen grab of a video released by the Colombian Presidency on June 6 2022, showing images of the wrecked Spanish galleon San Jose, off the coast of Cartagena, in the Caribbean Sea, Colombia. - The Colombian army has revealed unprecedented images of the wreck of the legendary San Jose galleon, one of the largest of the Spanish Navy, sunk three centuries ago with its exceptional treasure off the Caribbean coast. (Photo by Colombian Presidency / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE-MANDATORY CREDIT - AFP PHOTO / COLOMBIAN PRESIDENCY - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS (Photo by -/Colombian Presidency/AFP via Getty Images)
Gold cash from the legendary shipwreck had been captured within the underwater footage for the primary time (Image: AFP)
Screen grab of a video released by the Colombian Presidency on June 6 2022, showing images of the wrecked Spanish galleon San Jose, off the coast of Cartagena, in the Caribbean Sea, Colombia. - The Colombian army has revealed unprecedented images of the wreck of the legendary San Jose galleon, one of the largest of the Spanish Navy, sunk three centuries ago with its exceptional treasure off the Caribbean coast. (Photo by Colombian Presidency / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE-MANDATORY CREDIT - AFP PHOTO / COLOMBIAN PRESIDENCY - NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS (Photo by -/Colombian Presidency/AFP via Getty Images)
Archaeologists are actually carefully trying on the photos of preserved Chinese language crockery found in sandy wreckage (Image: AFP)

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